UTILITY OF HONESTY IN TRADE
KIMAT B. KHUSHALANI, B. E.
Prize Essay In the competition held way back in 1934
A HOMAGE TO KIMATRAI BAHARMAL KHUSHALANI
A Foreword by
S. G. Sastry Esq., B. A.t M. Sc. (Lond), F. C. S.,
Director of Industries and Commerce in
THE DHARMA SAMAJA
Price: Annas 2
[All Rights Reserved.]
I welcome the opportunity afforded to me by. the Secretary of the Dharma Samaja, Chickpet, Bangalore City, to write a foreword to the Prize Essay on the subject of "Utility of Honesty in Trade" by Mr. K. B. Khushalani. BE
The Dharma Samaja is being conducted by an enthusiastic group of young men who feel that there is an ever growing need for conducting trade and commerce of the country in the true and ancient spirit of the "Vanik Dharma." This harkening back to the old traditions and ideals is a good sign amongst the youth of the country and should be welcomed and encouraged in all ways
Owing to changes in the political and economic conditions of the people, traditional and time-honoured ways of carrying on trade and commerce of the country have undergone many changes, alas, for the worse.
Now-a-days the spirit of fair-play in commercial transactions is lacking. The mutual trust that ought to exist between the buyer and seller is absent. As of old, the buyer and seller make offers and counter-offers but in many instances bargaining degenerates into cheating. Either the buyer or the seller always tries to take a mean advantage over the other. Once upon a time, the motto of commercial transactions used to be ' Good value for money - This is no longer the rule.
One often finds in transactions between two countries especially if one of them is more advanced than the other the former country exploits the ignorance and helplessness of the latter country to the utmost and charges unconscionably high rates for goods supplied. Importers of machinery and other equipment in
One of the most regrettable forms that this cheating has assumed is the adulteration of goods offered for sale. I do not state that this is peculiar to
But nearer home, in all our markets - small or great - the evil of adulteration of foodstuffs is on the increase. This is nothing short of a criminal practice and ought to be put down ruthlessly by legal and other methods. Whereas the mixing of cotton with woollen goods or cotton with silk goods or mixing silk and Rayon and pass off the articles as real 100 per cent woollen, real 100 per cent silk, etc. may not have such consequences, the adulteration of foodstuffs strikes at
the health of the community itself. Whatever may have been the genesis of this situation, so long as it exists it is high time that the Government took early steps to put down the evil- It is unnecessary to enumerate cases of such adulteration as every householder will be able to prepare a long list.
One special field in which adulteration becomes a positive sin should be mentioned. This relates to drugs and medicines. Anybody who is inclined to go through the Drug Enquiry Committee Report will find ample recorded evidence of so called medicines sold in the markets not being medicines at all. It is regrettable that scientists have abused their knowledge in some instances and are committing the unforgivable sin of tampering with and adulterating medicines which are meant to alleviate human distress and save human lives. Such deceit could be, to some extent, controlled by drastic legislation but that cannot be expected to prevent fraud in trade for ever as man-made laws cannot be
fool proof. But even here, unfortunately,
The best security against such practices is a high sense of morality among the manufacturers and traders themselves. If "Honesty as a faith" does not appeal to one and all, at least "Honesty as a policy" ought to be the guiding factor in all our economic transactions. The Trade Guilds of our country and the Graff and Merchant Guilds of mediaeval
I do not want the foreword to be longer than the text itself and I should draw a line at this point. I wish the Dharma Samaja and all the enthusiastic workers connected with it every luck and success in their endeavours. Their work is not easy but they must carry on with a missionary spirit and try their level best to see that the trade and commerce of the country are carried on in the true spirit of ancient “Vanik Dharma".
S. G. SASTRY,
(21st September 1956)
Director Of Industries And Commerce In
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